про глаголы Shall и Will

Все, что надо знать про глаголы Shall и Will

Продолжаем рассказ про глаголы Shall и Will. Первая часть этого урока английской грамматики рассказала про базовые правила применения этих модальных глаголов. Теперь мы продолжаем изучать правила употребления shall, shan’t, will, won’t.

A. We do not use «will»

to say what somebody has already arranged or decided to do in the future:
  • Ann is working next week. (not «Ann will work’)
  • Are you going to watch television this evening? (not «will you watch’)
But often, when we talk about the future, we are not talking about what somebody has decided to do.

For example:

CHRIS: Do you think Ann will pass the exam?
JOE:   Yes, she’ll pass easily.

‘She’ll pass» does not mean «she has decided to pass «. Joe is saying what he knows or thinks will happen. He is predicting the future.

When we predict a future happening or situation, we use will/won’t.

  • Jill has been away a long time. When she returns, she’ll find a lot of changes.
  • ‘Where will you be this time next year?» «I’ll be in Japan.’
  • That plate is very hot. If you touch it, you’ll burn yourself.
  • Tom won’t pass the examination. He hasn’t worked hard enough for it.
  • When will you know your exam results?

B. We often use will (‘ll) with:

probably I’ll probably be home late this evening.
I expect I haven’t seen Carol today. I expect she’ll phone this evening.
(I’m) sure Don’t worry about the exam. I’m sure you’ll pass.
(I) think
Do you think Sarah will like the present we bought her?
(I) don’t think
I don’t think the exam will be very difficult.
I wonder
I wonder what will happen.

After (I) hope, we generally use the present:

  • I hope Carol phones this evening.
  • I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow.

C. Generally we use will to talk about the future, but sometimes we use will to talk about now.

For example:

  • Don’t phone Ann now. She’ll be busy. (= I know she’ll be busy now)

D. I shall…./we shall….

Normally we use shall only with I and we.

You can say I shall or I will (I’ll), we shall or we will (we’ll):

  • I shall be tired this evening, (or I will be…)
  • We shall probably go to Scotland for our holiday, (or We will probably go…)

In spoken English we normally use I’ll and we’ll:

  • We’ll probably go to Scotland.

The negative of shall is shall not or shan’t:

  • I shan’t be here tomorrow, (or I won’t be…)

Do not use shall with he/she/it/you/they:

  • She will be very angry, (not «she shall be’)


1 Which form of the verb is correct (or more natural) in these sentences? The verbs are underlined.
  1. Ann isn’t free on Saturday. She’ll work / She’s working. (She’s working is correct)
  2. I’ll go / I’m going to a party tomorrow night. Would you like to come too?
  3. I think Jane will get / is getting the job. She has a lot of experience.
  4. I can’t meet you this evening. A friend of mine will come / is coming to see me.
  5. A: Have you decided where to go for your holidays? B: Yes, we will go / we are going to Italy.
  6. There’s no need to be afraid of the dog. It won’t hurt / It isn’t hurting you.
2 Complete the sentences with will (‘ll) + one of these verbs:

be   be   come   get   like   look   meet   pass

  1. Don’t worry about your exam. I’m sure you «ll pass.
  2. Why don’t you try on this jacket? It_________________________ nice on you.
  3. You must meet George sometime. I think you _________________________ him.
  4. It’s raining. Don’t go out. You _________________________ wet.
  5. They’ve invited me to their house. They _________________________ offended if I don’t go.
  6. Goodbye. I expect we _________________________ again before long.
  7. I’ve invited Sue to the party but I don’t think she __________________________
  8. I wonder where I_________________________ 20 years from now.
3 Put in will (‘ll) or won’t.
  1. Can you wait for me? I_won’t_ be very long.
  2. There’s no need to take an umbrella with you. It________________ rain.
  3. If you don’t eat anything now, you ________________ be hungry later.
  4. I’m sorry about what happened yesterday. It________________ happen again.
  5. I’ve got some incredible news! You ________________ never believe what’s happened.
  6. Don’t ask Margaret for advice. She ________________ know what to do.
4 Where will you be at these times? Write true sentences about yourself.

Use one of these:

I’ll be or I expect I’ll be or I’ll probably be or I don’t know where I’ll be. or I’m not sure. I might be

  1. (next Monday evening at 7.45)    I’ll probably be at home or  I’m not sure. I might be at the cinema or    I don’t know where I’ll be. (etc.)
  2. (at 5 o’clock tomorrow morning) ________________________________________________________
  3. (at 10.30 tomorrow morning)____________________________________________________________
  4. (next Saturday afternoon at 4.15)_______________________________________________________
  5. (this time next year)__________________________________________________________________
5 Write questions using do you think….will…..? + one of these verbs:

be back    cost    finish    get married    happen    like    rain

  1. I’ve bought Mary a present. __ Do you think she’ll like it?
  2. The weather doesn’t look very good. Do you ____________________________________________
  3. The meeting is still going on. When do you ___________________________________________
  4. My car needs to be repaired. How much__________________________________________________
  5. Sally and David are in love. Do _________________________________________________________
  6. I’m going out now.»   «OK. What time__________________________________________________
  7. The future situation is uncertain. What ___________________________________________________
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