Грамматика

Have и have got

A. Have and have got (= possess, own etc.)

 

We often use have got rather than have alone. So you can say:

  • We’ve got a new car.        or     We have a new car.
  • Ann has got two sisters     or     Ann has two sisters.

 

We use have got or have for illnesses, pains etc.:

  • I’ve got a headache     or     I have a headache.

 

In questions and negative sentences there are three possible forms:

Have you got any money? I haven’t got any money.
Do you have any money? I don’t have any money.
Have you any money? (less usual) I haven’t any money, (less usual)
Has she got a car? She hasn’t got a car.
Does she have a car? She doesn’t have a car.
Has she a car? (less usual) She hasn’t a car. (less usual

 

When have means ‘possess’ etc., you cannot use continuous forms (is having / are having etc.

  • I have / I’ve got a headache, (not ‘I’m having’)

 

For the past we use had (usually without ‘got’):

  • Ann had long fair hair when she was a child, (not ‘Ann had got’)

 

In past questions and negative sentences we normally use did/didn’t:

  • Did they have a car when they were living in London?
  • I didn’t have a watch, so I didn’t know the time.
  • Ann had long fair hair, didn’t she?

 

B. Have breakfast / have a bath / have a good time etc.

Have (but not ‘have got’) is also used for many actions and experiences. For example:

Have breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / a cigarette etc.
a bath / a shower / a swim / a rest / a party / a holiday / a nice time etc.
an accident / an experience / a dream etc.
a look (at something) / a chat (with somebody)
a baby (= give birth to a baby)
difficulty / trouble / fun
  • Goodbye! I hope you have a nice time.
  • Mary had a baby recently.

 

‘Have got’ is not possible in these expressions.

 

Compare:

I usually have a sandwich for my lunch, (have = ‘eat’ — not ‘have got’)
but I’ve got some sandwiches. Would you like one?

 

In these expressions, have is like other verbs. You can use continuous forms (is having / are having etc.) where suitable:

 

  • I had a postcard from Fred this morning. He’s on holiday. He says he’s having a wonderful time.       (not ‘he has a wonderful time’)
  • The phone rang while we were having dinner, (not ‘while we had’)

 

In questions and negative sentences we normally use do/does/did:

 

  • I don’t usually have a big breakfast, (not ‘I usually haven’t’)
  • What time does Ann have lunch? (not ‘has Ann lunch’)
  • Did you have any difficulty finding somewhere to live?

 

EXERCISES

 

1 Write negative sentences with have. Some are present (can’t) and some are past (couldn’t).

  1. I can’t make a phone call. (any change) __I haven’t got any change_
  2. I couldn’t read the notice, (my glasses)  __I didn’t have my glasses_
  3. I can’t climb up onto the roof. (a ladder)   I__________________________________________
  4. We couldn’t visit the museum, (enough time)   We ___________________________________
  5. He couldn’t find his way to our house, (a map)   _____________________________________
  6. She can’t pay her bills, (any money)    ________________________________________________
  7. They can’t get into the house, (a key)    ______________________________________________
  8. I couldn’t take any photographs, (a camera)   ________________________________________

 

2 Complete these questions with have. Some are present and some are past.

  1. Excuse me, _have you got  a pen I could borrow?
  2. Why are you holding your face like that?   _________________________ a toothache?
  3. _________________________ a bicycle when you were a child?
  4. ‘_________________________ the time, please?’   ‘Yes, it’s ten past seven.’
  5. When you did the exam,_________________________ time to answer all the questions?
  6. I need a stamp for this letter.   _________________________ one?
  7. ‘It started to rain while I was walking home.’   ‘Did it?   _____________________ an umbrella?’

 

3 In this exercise you have to write sentences about yourself. Choose four of the following things (or you can choose something else):

a car; a bicycle; a moped; a guitar; a computer; a camera; a driving licence; a job; a dog / a cat (or another animal)

Have you got these things now? Did you have them ten years ago? Write two sentences each time using I’ve got /1 haven’t got and I had /1 didn’t have.

now
ten years ago (or five if you’re too young)

 

I’ve got a car I didn’t have a car
I haven’t got a cat I had a cat

 

4 Complete these sentences. Use an expression from the list and put the verb into the correct form where necessary

have lunch            have a swim    have a nice time      have a chat have a shower

 

have a cigarette   have a rest      have a good flight    have a baby     have a party           have a look

 

  1. I don’t eat much during the day. I never __________________________
  2. David likes to keep fit, so he ______________________________________ every day.
  3. We ________________________________ last Saturday. It was great — we invited lots of people.
  4. Excuse me, can I______________________________________ at your newspaper, please?
  5. ‘Where’s Jim?’   ‘He _____________________________________ in his room. He’s very tired.’
  6. I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and _____________________________
  7. I haven’t seen you since you came back from holiday.   ________________________________?
  8. Suzanne _____________________________________ a few weeks ago. It’s her second child.
  9. I don’t usually smoke but I was feeling very nervous, so I_________________________________
  10. The phone rang but I couldn’t answer it because I____________________________________
  11. You meet Tom at the airport. He has just arrived. You say: Hello, Tom.    ______________________________________?